Mustard plants grow in temperate regions in cold atmosphere. Different varieties of mustard are black mustard, brown Indian mustard and white mustard. Mustard seeds are referred to in the New Testaments, and in ancient Sanskrit scriptures. These were even used in olden Greece and Rome for its flavor and medicinal values.
All parts of the mustard plant, the stem, leaves and seeds are eaten in India. Black mustard seeds have the strongest taste and flavor, brown seeds are a little less pungent as compared to black seeds while the white ( light yellow) are the mildest ones.
Culinary uses of Mustard
The seeds are used for making pickles.
These are added to hot oil before cooking a dish for ‘tempering’, this brings out the sweeter side of the seeds.
They are used as salad dressing, in vegetables and dishes.
The taste of meat, fish etc. is enhanced by adding mustard seeds.
It is used for making mayonnaise, marinades, and barbecue sauce.
It is combined with vinegar or olive oil to make salad dressing.
Use Mustard seeds and stay Healthy
The seeds are a good source of omega 3 fatty acids, calcium, manganese, zinc, iron, copper, proteins, and fibre which help to improve the immunity of the body.
Mustard seeds contain B-complex vitamins such as niacin, folates, thiamine, and riboflavin which increase the metabolic rate of the body so they are good for digestion and also help you to loose weight.
Black mustard seeds when taken with milk 15 to 20 minutes before food improve the appetite.
The seeds are rich in magnesium which help to reduce the severity of asthma attacks, lowers blood pressure, and keeps cold and chest infection away. Selenium present in the seeds has anti inflammatory and heat producing properties.
A paste made from mustard seeds and applied on the body can relieve you from the pain caused by rheumatoid, arthritis and muscular pain.
As mustard seeds are rich in carotenes, lutein, zeaxanthins, vitamins A, C, and K, so it is a good source of anti oxidants which slow down the process of ageing.
Mustard oil kindles hair growth as it contains high percentage of beta carotene. When oil is extracted from the seeds beta carotene is changed into vitamin A, which is very good for hair growth. An oil message, once a week, relieves stress, reduces dandruff and encourages hair growth.
Mustard has good amount of niacin (vitamin B3) which helps to reduce the level of cholesterol. It also regulates the flow of blood and prevents hypertension.
The seeds are rich in fibre and contain a substance known as mucilage which helps to relieve constipation. They stimulate the production of saliva which in turn leads to improved digestion. One tea spoon of mustard seeds taken two to three times a day relieves constipation.
A rich source of sulphur, mustard seeds help to check skin infections and skin ailments. Sulphur has anti fungal and anti bacterial properties. Read more in detail for mustard seeds loaded with health benefits.
Mustard is used as seeds, oil, powder or as sauce to spice up the food. It not only adds flavor to your food but it has many medicinal properties as well. Make it a part of your daily food and improve your health.